Home   People   Air   Water   Food   Body & Health   Natural Living   Animals   Plants   Geography   History   Materials   Pictures   Misc   Links   E-mail us   Disclaimer  
Animals


There are approximately 10 million different species of living things on Earth.

Some animals that fly are pigeons, sea gulls, bats, owls, sparrows, robins, bluebirds, cardinals and hawks.

Some animals that live in water are fish, shrimp, frogs, whales, sharks, eels, seals, lobsters and octopus.

Some animals that live underground are moles, shrews, rabbits, chipmunks and armadillos.

Some animals that walk on the Earth are dog, cat, lynx, mouse, lion, moose, horse, deer, raccoon, zebra, goat, cow, pig, tiger, wolf, pony, antelope, buffalo, camel, donkey, elk, fox, monkey, gazelle, impala, jaguar, leopard, lemur and yak.

Some large animals are elephant, giraffe, hippopotamus, rhinoceros and grizzly bear.


Mammals breathe air through their lungs, have hair or fur, have a backbone, are warm-blooded (their bodies stay at almost the same temperature all the time) and have four limbs. Most baby mammals grow inside their mother and are born alive. There are a few mammals that grow inside an egg in their mother's body. Mammal babies drink milk from their mother's bodies.
Some mammals are dogs, cats, cows, rabbits, bears, apes, wolves, elephants, hippopotamus, rodents, lions, tigers, monkeys and people.
Some unique mammals are whales, dolphins, bats, armadillo and platypus.

Reptiles are a group of animals with an outer covering of scales or plates, breathe air, and usually lay eggs. Some examples are snakes, turtles, lizards and crocodiles. Some snakes lay eggs and some have live young.

Amphibians spend part of their lives under water (breathing with gills) and the remainder on land (breathing with lungs). Amphibians are cold-blooded; their body temperature depends on the temperature of their environment. Some amphibians are salamanders, frogs, toads, and newts.

Birds are the only animal to have feathers (all birds have feathers). Birds are born out of eggs.

Marsupials are animals that have pouches, such as kangaroos, possums and koalas.

Nocturnal animals are more active at night than during the day. These animals sleep during the day. Some are the owl, bat, raccoon, bobcat, fox, ocelot and skunk.

Migration
Some animals migrate. This means they travel to other places where the weather is warmer or they can find food. Migrating animals usually use the same routes year after year--from generation to generation. Land animals cross mountains, rivers, and vast tracks of land. Birds, bats, and insects fly long distances, sometimes crossing entire continents or oceans. Swimming animals frequently migrate half way across the world. Some insects such as the Monarch butterfly migrate from northern U.S. to as far as south Mexico.
Scientists think that some species may use the Earth's magnetic field to navigate.

Hibernation
Some animals hibernate for part or all of the winter. This is a deep sleep. The animal's body temperature drops, and its heartbeat and breathing slow down. It uses very little energy. To get ready to hibernate, they eat extra food and store it as body fat. They use this fat for energy while hibernating. Some also store food like nuts or acorns to eat later in the winter. Bears, skunks, chipmunks, and some bats hibernate.

True hibernators go into such a deep sleep that they are difficult to wake and may appear dead. Their body temperature drops and breathing and heart beat slow down significantly. For example, a hibernating woodchuck's heart rate slows from 80 to 4 beats per minute, and its temperature drops from 98 F to as low as 38 F. If its temperature falls too low, it will awaken slightly and shiver to warm up a bit.

Other hibernating animals do not experience major changes in temperature, heart rate and breathing. Animals such as skunks, raccoons and some chipmunks are the light sleepers, easily awakened. They may sleep during the most severe weather and wake to roam and eat during milder weather.

When the weather gets cold, some animals move to the bottom of lakes and ponds. There, frogs, turtles and many fish hide under rocks, logs or fallen leaves. They may even bury themselves in the mud. They become dormant. Cold water holds more oxygen than warm water, and the frogs and turtles can breath by absorbing oxygen through their skin.


Some animals eat mostly meat. They are called carnivores. If they eat meat and other things like vegetables and fruit, they are called omnivores. If they do not eat meat at all, they are called herbivores.

Some herbivore animals are the elephant, giraffe, hippopotamus, cow, deer, moose, sheep, antelope, squirrel and rabbit.

Some carnivores are the lion, badger, wolf, cheetah, bobcat, condor and vulture.

Some omnivores are the raccoon, pig, chicken, mouse, cockroach and most people.

Dragonflies typically eat mosquitoes, midges and other small insects like flies, bees and butterflies, catching its prey while flying. Their mouths have been adapted for biting, making them efficient hunters. A Dragonflies' ability to maneuver in many directions makes them able to out-fly their prey. Dragonflies also have the advantage of excellent eyesight. Each of their two large eyes is made up of thousands of six-sided units. Each compound eye is composed of nearly 28,000 individual units, and together the eyes cover most of the head. Together, these smaller eyes enable a dragonfly to detect even the slightest movement. More than 80% of their brain is devoted to analyzing visual information.


~ Speed of selected animals in MPH ~
Snail .03
Mouse 8
Chicken 9
Pig 11
Squirrel 12
Elephant 25
Human 27
Deer 30
Border collie 30
Grizzly Bear 30
Graffe 32
Rabbit 35
Zebra 40
Elk 45
Greyhound Dog 45
Wildebeest 50
Lion 50
Pronghorn Antelope 61
Cheeta 70
Peregrine Falcon 200


~ Lifespan of selected animals in years ~
Mouse 1
Rat 3
Chicken 4
Pigeon (wild) 4
Fox 14
Pigeon (captured) 25
Cow 25
Deer 35
Horse 35
Camel 50
Crocodile 70
Elephant 75
American Box Turtle 120
Galapagos Land Tortoise 190




Double click the picture
if play button is missing



Jump to: Top of Page