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Miscellaneous

The FBI was established in 1908. In 2008 it has more than 28,000 agents

In 2005 over one billion tons (92% of total coal usage) of coal was used to produce 49.7% of all electricity produced in the United States.

The 2003 census reports that 12.5% or 35,900,000 Americans are living in poverty. Poverty is defined as an individual making $9573.00 or less per year, and a family of four making $18,660.00 or less per year. Also, there are 45,000,000 Americans without health insurance.

The top one percent of U.S. households has more wealth than the bottom 95 percent.

There are about 4 million miles of roads in the USA. (2008)

In 2003 in the USA, we consumed 115 billion gallons of gasoline.

In 2006 in the USA, we consumed 140 billion gallons of gasoline.

11 million cars go to the junkyard each year in the USA

In 2005 there were 43,443 highway deaths.

The George Washington Bridge in NYC takes in approximately $1 million per day in tolls.

More children are born each year in Africa than are born in the Americas, all of Europe and Japan put together.

Japan and Germany together make 61% of all net profits on international car exports.

A light year is the distance light travels in 1 year, which is 5,865,696,000,000 miles - almost 6 trillion miles. In one second light travels 186,000 miles.

The diameter of the earth is 7926 miles.

The sun is 330,330 times larger than the earth.

The sun is 93 million miles from earth.

The diameter of the sun is 865 thousand miles.

The moon is 240 thousand miles from earth.

What makes the wind howl? You hear wind howl when there are whirling eddies or whirlpools in the wind.

In Tokyo, a bicycle is faster than a car for most trips of less than 50 minutes.

The space shuttle, while in orbit, travels at 17,532 miles per hour.

The king of hearts is the only king without a moustache on a standard playing card.

No piece of square dry paper can be folded in half more than 7 times.

Paper money is not made from wood pulp but from cotton.

There are more than 10 million bricks in the Empire State Building.

Concerning statues of people on a horse: If the horse has both front legs in the air, the person died in battle; if the horse has one front leg in the air, the person died as a result of wounds received in battle; if the horse has all four legs on the ground, the person died of natural causes.

In Casablanca, Humphrey Bogart never said "Play it again, Sam."

Lightning is a jolt of electricity that can travel inside a cloud, between clouds, or from a cloud to Earth. A lightning bolt can carry 30,000 amps at several hundred million volts. In an average year, lightning strikes the United States about 20 million times and kills 93 people.

Paper & Plastic Bag Consumption

    * Year that plastic grocery bags were introduced at supermarkets: 1977
    * Number of plastic shopping bags used each year, in the USA: 14,000,000,000
    * Barrels of oil required for US annual plastic bag consumption: 12,000,000
    
    * Number of paper bags consumed each year, in the USA: 10,000,000,000
    * Number of trees cut down for paper bag consumption, in the US: 14,000,000

    * Plastic bag production creates less waste than paper. However, plastic bags remain with us for a long, long time.
    

PEOPLE
Babies are born with 350 bones, some of which fuse together leaving 206 as adults.

The feet and hands contain more than half of all the bones in the human body.

The human body has over 600 muscles.

Babies are born colorblind.

The average adult human brain weighs 3 pounds

The average human has about 10,000 taste buds. They are on and under the tongue, on the inside of the cheeks, on the roof of the mouth and some can even be found on the lips.

An average human scalp has 100,000 hairs

Beards are the fastest growing hairs on the human body.

The left lung is smaller than the right lung to make room for the heart.

ANIMALS
An ostrich's eye is bigger that it's brain.

Salmon can jump as high as 6 feet.

Ants can lift 20 times their own body weight.

A cockroach can live for twenty days without its head.

The praying mantis is the only insect that can turn its head.

Butterflies taste with their feet.

TV
Every year, the average teen spends 900 hours in school and 1,500 hours watching TV.

Since 1985, 12 medical studies have linked TV watching to childhood obesity.

During the four hours of Saturday morning cartoons, there are over 200 ads for 'junk food.'

30% of local TV news broadcast time is devoted to commercials; 54% is devoted to stories about crimes, disasters, and wars.

FOOD
35 million cattle were slaughtered in 2003 for food.

When the diets of inmates of a Virginia juvenile detention center were changed from typical American junk food to natural foods - cereal without sugar, fruit juice instead of soda, etc., - kids who were chronic offenders decreased by 56 percent and kids who were well-mannered increased by 71 percent.

One half billion Twinkies are consumed each year.

Switzerland leads the world in chocolate consumption with 20.7 pounds per person. Next is Austria with 19.6 and then Germany with 18.6.

Americans eat an average of forty hotdogs per year.

We each eat approximately ten pounds of chemical food additives per year.

The average American eats 16.5 pounds of french fries a year.

These people were vegetarians for at least part of their lives: Albert Einstein, George Bernard Shaw, Leo Tolstoy, Clara Barton, Mahatma Ghandi, Mr. Rogers, Leonardo da Vinci, Jeff Juliano - the original Ronald McDonald, Steve Martin, Buddha, Thomas Edison, Isaac Newton, Seneca, Upton Sinclair, Henry David Thoreau, Voltaire, David Cassidy, Harry Chapin, Cesar Chavez, Bob Dylan, Peter Frampton, Dick Gregory, George Harrison, Gladys Knight, Cloris Leachman, David Wallachinsky, Leslie Ann Warren, Dennis Weaver, David Carradine, Johnny Cash.

Strawberries are unique among fruits because they carry their seeds on the outside.

A pound of potato chips costs 10 times more than a pound of potatoes.

Each year Anorexia kills approximately 1,000 teenage girls in the US

For years milk has been prescribed for ulcers, but recent research finds that milk actually aggravates ulcers.

In the past four years, sales from vending machines in America have risen by seven billion dollars to $24.5 billion annually. That's about $100 per person per year.

Vegetables grown on modern industrial farms have less nutritional value than they use to. They are carefully fertilized to the minimum amount necessary to grow and look good. The land has long been depleted of important trace elements.

Weather

2007 a year of weather records in U.S.  12/29/07 By Seth Borenstein, AP Science Writer

WASHINGTON - When the calendar turned to 2007, the heat went on and the weather just got weirder.

January was the warmest first month on record worldwide — 1.53 degrees above normal. It was the first time since record-keeping began in 1880 that the globe's average temperature has been so far above the norm for any month of the year.

And as 2007 drew to a close, it was also shaping up to be the hottest year on record in the Northern Hemisphere.

U.S. weather stations broke or tied 263 all-time high temperature records, according to an Associated Press analysis of U.S. weather data. England had the warmest April in 348 years of record-keeping there, shattering the record set in 1865 by more than 1.1 degrees Fahrenheit.

It wasn't just the temperature. There were other oddball weather events. A tornado struck New York City in August, inspiring the tabloid headline: "This ain't Kansas!"

In the Middle East, an equally rare cyclone spun up in June, hitting Oman and Iran. Major U.S. lakes shrank; Atlanta had to worry about its drinking water supply. South Africa got its first significant snowfall in 25 years. And on Reunion Island, 400 miles east of Africa, nearly 155 inches of rain fell in three days — a world record for the most rain in 72 hours.

Individual weather extremes can't be attributed to global warming, scientists always say. However, "it's the run of them and the different locations" that have the mark of man-made climate change, said top European climate expert Phil Jones, director of the climate research unit at the University of East Anglia in England.

Worst of all — at least according to climate scientists — the Arctic, which serves as the world's refrigerator, dramatically warmed in 2007, shattering records for the amount of melting ice.

2007 seemed to be the year that climate change shook the thermometers, and those who warned that it was beginning to happen were suddenly honored. Former Vice President Al Gore's documentary "An Inconvenient Truth" won an Oscar and he shared the Nobel Peace Prize with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, an international group of thousands of scientists. The climate panel, organized by the United Nations, released four major reports in 2007 saying man-made global warming was incontrovertible and an urgent threat to millions of lives.

Through the first 10 months, it was the hottest year recorded on land and the third hottest when ocean temperatures are included.

Smashing records was common, especially in August. At U.S. weather stations, more than 8,000 new heat records were set or tied for specific August dates.

More remarkably that same month, more than 100 all-time temperature records were tied or broken — regardless of the date — either for the highest reading or the warmest low temperature at night. By comparison only 14 all-time low temperatures were set or tied all year long, as of early December, according to records kept by the National Climatic Data Center.

For example, on Aug. 10, the town of Portland, Tenn., reached 102 degrees, tying a record for the hottest it ever had been. On Aug. 16, it hit 103 and Portland had a new all-time record. But that record was broken again the next day when the mercury reached 105.

Daily triple-digit temperatures took a toll on everybody, public safety director George West recalled. The state had 15 heat-related deaths in August.

Portland was far from alone. In Idaho, Chilly Barton Flat wasn't living up to its name. The weather station in central Idaho tied an all-time high of 100 on July 26, Aug. 7, 14 and 19. During 2007, weather stations in 35 states, from Washington to Florida, set or tied all-time heat records in 2007.

Across Europe this past summer, extreme heat waves killed dozens of people.

And it wasn't just the heat. It was the rain. There was either too little or too much.

More than 60 percent of the United States was either abnormally dry or suffering from drought at one point in August. In November, Atlanta's main water source, Lake Lanier, shrank to an all-time low. Lake Okeechobee, crucial to south Florida, hit its lowest level in recorded history in May, exposing muck and debris not seen for decades. Lake Superior, the biggest and deepest of the Great Lakes, dropped to its lowest August and September levels in history.

Los Angeles hit its driest year on record. Lakes fed by the Colorado River and which help supply water for more than 20 million Westerners, were only half full.

Australia, already a dry continent, suffered its worst drought in a century, making global warming an election issue. On the other extreme, record rains fell in China, England and Wales.

Minnesota got the worst of everything: a devastating June and July drought followed by record August rainfall. In one March day, Southern California got torrential downpours, hail, snow and fierce winds. Then in the fall came devastating fires driven by Santa Ana winds.

And yet none of those events worried scientists as much as what was going on in the Arctic in the summer. Sea ice melted not just to record levels, but far beyond the previous melt record. The Northwest Passage was the most navigable it had been in modern times. Russia planted a flag on the seabed under the North Pole, claiming sovereignty.

The ice sheets that cover a portion of Greenland retreated to an all-time low and permafrost in Alaska warmed to record levels.

Meteorologists have chronicled strange weather years for more than a decade, but nothing like 2007. It was such an extreme weather year that the World Meteorological Organization put out a news release chronicling all the records and unusual developments. That was in August with more than 145 sizzling days to go.

Get used to it, scientists said. As man-made climate change continues, the world will experience more extreme weather, bursts of heat, torrential rain and prolonged drought, they said.

"We're having an increasing trend of odd years," said Michael MacCracken, a former top federal climate scientist, now chief scientist at the Climate Institute in Washington. "Pretty soon odd years are going to become the norm."


Hoover Dam
Named after President Herbert Hoover
Located on the Colorado River between Nevada and Arizona
Took 5 years to build (1931 - 1936), using 16,000 workers
Used 4,360,000 cubic yards of concrete
The dam is 726 ft high, 660 feet thick at the base, 45 feet thick at the top and 1,244 ft long
Mead Lake (590 feet deep) was produced by the dam, providing water to 25 million people
17  hydro electric generators each weighing 4 million pounds produce a total of 2000 megawatts of electricity


Empire State Building
Located at 350 Fifth Avenue (between 33rd and 34th Streets) in New York City
Total Height: 1,454 feet to top of lightning rod
Height of Antenna: 204 feet
Floors: 102
Steps: 1,860 from street level to 102nd floor
Windows: 6,500
Elevators: 73, including six freight elevators
Total Construction Time: One year and 45 days including Sundays and holidays
Man-Hours: 7,000,000
Cost: $40,948,900 (including land). The building itself cost $24,718,000 to build (nearly half the expected cost because of the Great Depression)
Foundation: 55 feet below ground
Area of Site: About two acres

The US federal government consists of 3 branches:

The Executive Branch
The Legislative Branch
The Judicial Branch

The Executive Branch consists of the President, Vice President, executive departments and independent agencies. It is responsible for enforcing the laws of the United States.

The Legislative Branch, or Congress, consists of the Senate and House of Representatives. The Legislative Branch is responsible for making the laws, which govern the country.

The Senate is composed 100 Senators (two from each State). Each Senator has one Vote. They serve six-year terms.

The House of Representatives consists of 435 members. Each state receives representation in the House, proportional to its population. Each member represents a district. They serve a two-year term.

The Judicial Branch consists of the federal courts such as the Supreme Court, Court of Claims, Court of Customs, Circuit Courts of Appeals and District Courts. They are responsible for interpreting the laws and ensuring that the rights or the people are protected.




                 ~ Cell Phones ~                 
Country Cell phones
Greece 328,500
Russia 645,000
Israel 2,500,000
Canada 3,000,000
United Kingdom 13,000,000
China 23,400,000
Japan 36,500,000
United States 55,312,000


            ~ Your chance of winning Lotto ~            
Match 3 of 6 numbers 1 in 42
Match 4 of 6 numbers 1 in 669
Match 5 of 6 numbers 1 in 30,961
Match 6 of 6 numbers 1 in 7,059,052
CT Powerball jackpot odds 1 in 120,526,770

             ~ Noise is measured in decibels ~             
Decibels Sound
0 Threshold of hearing
20 Whisper conversation
60 Normal conversation
80 Heavy motor vehicle traffic
100 Subway
120 Discomfort
130 Pain threshold
160 Jet plane engine




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